Photographs (left to right): Poppies, Rush, New York; Rochester Gorge, Rochester, New York; Rochester Gorge, Rochester, New York

Wampum Belt Archive

Arapahoe and Shoshone

Diabetes Wampum Belt

Belt ca. 1997

Joe Jacobs, second from left, with Alex McComber, second from right, and Wyoming Elders with
the Arapahoe and Shoshone wampum belt. Photo Courtesy of Christine Graef (2003)

Original Size:



The Mohawk word (Joe Jacobs) put on the belt is “Teiakonekwenhsatsikhe:tare” which means “Our blood is sweet.”


Gibson, N. 2003. Our Blood is Sweet: The Wampum Belt Journey. Interview with Joe Jacobs creator of the Diabetes Wampum Belt.

Graef, Christine. 2003. Traditional Wampum Belt Carries Message of Health. An Online Newsletter, June 28, Issue 90.