Photographs (left to right): Coso, California; Coso, California; Custer State Park, South Dakota

Wampum Belt Archive

Two Row Belt

Mohawk Two Row Belt (Heye Collection: 17/5205: Indian Notes -Fig 74, p. 320)

Grand River Belt

Length: 33.5 inches.

Described as a covenant belt and treaty with the English.

Original (Clarke, 1931)

Jake Thomas

Onondaga Two Row

(note on left edge - 2 vertical rows of white wampum)

White shell bead belt with two parallel black shell bead rows which stop

prior to the ends of the belt. 13 rows. Length unknown One end attached leather fringes.

Exchange Newhouse collection, made in 1892-1915.

Unknown Source

Tehanetorens 1999

NYSM E50033

9 rows (3white, 1 black, 1 white, 1 black, 3 white.

Purchased by the institution from Mr. Loder in 1949, who acquired it from William Beauchamp, he obtained the belt

from the Onondaga Nation sometimes after 1898

8 rows. Two parallel black rows separated by 4 white rows in center.

Length: 85.1cm. NMAI 17/5202

Presented by Blair S. Williams in 1930. Purchased from William L. Bryant from William D. Loft,

Collected on the Brantford Reservation, repatriated to the Haudenosaunee Council in 1997.

13 Rows. Two-ways Boundary Commission 1789/Six Nations Two Roads.

Six Nations NMAI 3/1909

Purchased by George G. Heye in 1907. Collected by Thomas R. Roddy in 1899. Repatriated

to the Haudenosaunee Council in 1988.

1. Reproduction (R. D. Hamell)

2. Reproduction Six Nations Two Row (R. D. Hamell)


Center row - 1650's true wampum

R.D.Hamell 2019

Original Size:
Beaded length: 16 inches by 4 inches.

Columns: 101 Rows: 8. Total Beads: 808


Warp: Leather. Weave: Artificial Sinew. Polymer beads. 16 shell wampum.


A Two Row belt with a purple background signify threat to the Earth's water quality. In the center a single column of 17th century wampum signifying its sacredness.

Designed by Dan Hill Cayuga Nation., His original belt was constructed with all polymer beads.