Photographs (left to right): All photographs: Niagara Falls Butterfly Conservatory, Ontario, Canada

Wampum Belt Archive


Iroquois Money Belt

Photograph: Smithsonian Bureau of American Ethnology


Original Size:

Length: est. 330 columns. Rows: 12.


Beaded length: 52.4 inches. Width: 6.0 inches. T/length: 76.4 inches


3,960 polymer beads.




The original belt illustrated is a postdoctoral by De Lancey W. Gill of an Iroquois money belt taken in the 1890's.  De Lancey Gill was in charge of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Indian Ethnology's illustration department and the original negatives are in the Smithsonian.  De Lancey W. Gill was one of about a dozen photographers who worked with Indians for the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) between the 1850s and the 1930s. For an extensive biography on Gill and his work, see the magazine article in the History of Photography, Volume 7, Number 1, January 1983.